lies in Xingjiang Weiwuer autonomous region. It is the capital
of it. It is 11 thousand square kilometers in area. The population
is 1.4 million.
Urumqi is in the southern part of Zhungeer Basin and in the northern part of Tian Mountain. The topography here mainly is hilly area and the basins in mountains. The southwestern and northeastern parts are higher than the middle part and the northwestern part. It has a dry continental climate in the mid-temperate zone. The average annual temperature is 6.2 degree Celsius and the average annual precipitation is 250mm. The black frost period can last 140 to 200 days. Urumqi abounds in coal, oil shale, the salt in Dabancheng Salt Lake and so on. There are also iron, lime plaster and gypsum. The grassland is very wide.
It's industries are machinery, chemical, electric power, petroleum processing, textile
building materials and food. They are in the important places too. In agriculture, there are wheat, corn, rape-seed cotton, meat and fruits.
Urumqi is the hub of Xinjiang's communications. The high way and railway are very convenient. Urumqi and nearly 30 cities in China are open to navigation.
In Urumqi, the national culture is very diverse. Shanxibig Temple is a famous mosque, and there are some graceful mural paintings in Da Fo Temple. In Tianshan Valley, there is Baiyang ditch, which is famous for its spring, its woods and its flowers. The traditional specialties are jade carving, jewelry, Xinjiang porcelain national hats, carpet, watermelon, raisin and apricot.