province, called Wan for short, lies in the south-east
of China. It has a total area of 139,000 square kilometers,
and a population of 58.17 million.
The Yangzi River and the Huai River
flow through the province and divide it into three parts:
Huaibei, Jianghuai, and Jiangnan. The topography of the
three regions is different. Huaibei is flat.
Jianghuai is a hilly area. Jiangnan is mostly covered
The climate of the province is varied
on each side of the Huai River. The northern area has
a temperate monsoon climate, and the southern area has
a subtropical monsoon climate.
The main mineral deposits of the province
are coal, iron ore, and copper ore.
The chief farm products include rice,
wheat, cotton, vegetable oil crops, tea, jute, silkworm
cocoons, and tobacco. The province is very prominent in
China for its production of vegetable oil crops and tobacco.
Anhui is a major source of coal of
southern China. Its industries are metal making, power,
mechanical engineering, petrochemical, textiles, food
processing, and papermaking.
Transportation in this province depends
to a great extent on its railways, but roads and waterways
are also quite convenient. Anhui is famous for its picturesque
mountains and rivers. Huangshan, Jiuhuashan, Tiazhushan,
and Qiyunshan are well-known mountains, and the region's
premier tourist attractions. The special locally-made
products include Xuan paper, Chinese paint-brushes, Gujinggong
liqueur, and the Huaibei Kouzi liqueur.