(Hei for short ) is situated on North-East China border
area, covering an area of 460,000 square kilometers and
with a population of 35.26 million.
Its topography is characterized by the plains
interspersed with mountains, and the landscape inclining from north-west
to south-east, and low-lying and flat on south-west and north-east.
Located on northern part of North-East China
Plain, Heilongjiang has the majority of its rivers belonging to
the Heilongjiang River system. The Songhua River is the largest
tributary in the Province.
It has a cold temperate to temperate and humid
to semi-humid climate. It is abundant in forest and land resources.
Its soil is fertile. Among minerals, coal, petroleum, gold, graphite
etc. hold a key position in China.
Heilongjiang is one of principal areas of land
reclamation and cultivation in China. Its main crops include wheat,
soybeans, beet, flax and sunflower which all occupy a significant
place in China.
Heilongjiang is China's most important base of
forestry, ranking No.1 in both timber reserve and production. The
Greater and Lesser Xingan Mountains are its major forest area.
The main industries comprise machine-building,
coal, petroleum and timber processing, in addition to paper-making,
beet-sugar refinery, petro-chemicals, flax-textiles, power-generating
equipments, industrial boilers etc. Harbin, Qiqihaer, Jiamusi and
Mudanjiang are its major industrial centers. Daqing is one of China's
most important bases of petroleum industry.
The railway plays the major role in the province's
communication, and together with the highway, inland waterway, and
air-flights forms an transport network radiating in all directions.
The boundless great plain, the magnificent forests,
snow-bound mountains and the unique regional culture are all very
impressive to tourists.