is short for Henan Province. It lies in the mid-lower
reach of the Yellow River, with an area of 160 thousand
square kilometers in area, and a population of 88.1 million.
In the north, west and south, there
are some hilly areas. In the east, there are some wide
plains. The hills occupy 44 percent, and the others are
plains, river valley and basins. In the northern part,
The Yellow River flows from the West to the East. And
in the southeastern part, there is Huai River. To the
South of Funiu Mountain and the Huai River, it is humid
monsoon climate in the inferior-torrid zone. To the north,
it has a semi-humid monsoon climate in the temperate zone.
The mineral resources are amongst the most abundant in
China. Mainly, there is coal, petroleum, natural-gas,
aluminum and molybdenum.
In agriculture, there are wheat, cotton,
tobacco, sesame and peanut.
The output of them is amongst the most
important in the whole country. The produces of coal,
petroleum, chemical fertilizer, synthetic ammonia, chemical
fibre, flat sheet glass and tractors are in the important
places in our country. The main means of transportation
is railway. Also, the highway system is well developed.
Henan is a source of ancient civilization.
It holds a very important position in Chinese history.
The places of interest here is Song Mountain, Jigong Mountain,
the White-horse Temple in Luoyang, Longmen Caves, the
Chancellor Temple in Kaifeng, Tie Tower, Shaolin Temple
in Dengfeng, Zhongyue Temple and so on. The traditional
specialties are imitate Tangsancai, Henan embroidery in
Kaifeng, Maojian Tea in Xinyang and Dukang Wine in Luoyang.