Hong Kong is situated
in the south of China's mainland. It is separated by a river
in the north, neigbouring Shenzhen city, Guangdong Province.
To the west, it is separated by the Pearl River estuary, facing
Macau and Zhuhai cities and to the east and south it is overlooking
the vast South China Sea. Relying on such advantageous geographical
position, Hong Kong has now developed into an economic centre
Hong Kong is mainly composed of Hong Kong Island,
Kowloon and the New Territories, the area of which is 1084 square
kilometers. The Hong Kong Island (otherwise known as Gang Island)
is the most thriving place of the whole of Hong Kong and is also
the seat of the Hong Kong Government bodies. On both sides of the
streets, there are flourishing commercial towers and shopping centers,
offices of the world famous financial bodies, shipping institutions
and the headquarters of trade companies, and consulate of various
countries and regions. The topography in the southern part of the
Hong Kong Island is relatively low. The renowned Deep Water Bay
and Repulse Bay are all located here, which are Hong Kong's mainly
tourist area and residential quarters of the first class. Kowloon
is one of the centers of industrial and commercial activities. The
Victoria Harbour, one of the three natural deep water harbours of
the world is situated between the Kowloon Peninsula and the Hong
By utilizing the excellent advantages, Hong Kong
has gradually developed into one of the world shipping centers.
The total population of Hong Kong is over 6.3
million, among which, 97.5% are Chinese. And among the aliens, the
Philipino constitutes the overwhelming majority, the Americans,
British and Indian and others come second. The daily language used
among the Hong Kong residents is mainly Cantonese (Guangdong dialect).
The official languages being used are Chinese and English.
Hong Kong belongs to the monsoon climate of the
subtropical zone; the annual average temperature is 22.8C, and the
annual rainfall is 2220 mm. There have always been tropical storms
in Summer and Autumn (mid-September to mid-November) which prove
to be the most comfortable seasons of the year. During this time
of the year, several millions of tourists come to Hong Kong for
visits and shopping.
From 1842 to 1898, the British aggressors forcibly
occupied the Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories one
after another and the Hong Kong region became a British colony and
was ruled by the British. On 19 December 1984, the Government of
the People's Republic of China and the Government of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed the 'Joint
Declaration on the
Question of Hong Kong'. And on 1 July 1997, China resumed the exercise
of sovereignty over Hong Kong, thus Hong Kong has returned anew
to the embrace of the motherland.
During the past several decades, the economy
of Hong Kong has undergone an extremely rapid development and its
economic strength is getting momentum with each passing day, thus
forming six great pillars of industries' trade, finance, manufacture,
shipping, real estate and tourism. Big companies and banking corporations
of many countries throughout the world have come to Hong Kong for
Every year there are several million tourists
come to Hong Kong for visits and thousands of huge ships coming
in and out of Hong Kong harbours and everyday there are hundreds
of airplanes taking off and landing in Hong Kong international airport.
Hong Kong today is a flourishing international
metropolis, which is well run, clean and beautiful.
In the commercial towers and shopping centers,
you will find exquisite merchandise, a feast for the eyes. It looks
as if international fairs of merchandise from various countries
throughout the world were held here everyday.
Hong Kong's communications are highly developed,
subway and ground railway, highway, undersea tunnels, motorway interchange,
viaduct, ferry, airport and what not radiating in all directions,
like a piece of huge network knitting the whole city together.
Hong Kong is a city for tourism, which is known
as a fine place for 'visits, shopping and recreation'.