Jilin province is called
Ji for short. It lies in the middle part of the northeastern
China. It covers an area of 18 million square kilometers
and has a population of 2.47 million.
In Jilin province, the southeastern part is higher
than the northwestern part, there are mountainous regions, hills
The plains cover 40 percent of the total area,
the mountainous regions and hills cover more than 60 percent. The
rivers belong to the following river systems, they are the Songhua
River, Liao River, Yalu River and so on. But the Songhua River is
the most important one. Jilin is the semi-dry and moist monsoon
climate in Temperate Zone. It has abundant forest reserves, fertile
land and vast grasslands. Mainly, the mineral resources are coal,
iron, copper and gold.
In industry, there is machinery, petrochemical
industry, food, metallurgy and medicine, etc. Among them, the output
of automobile, passenger train, ferroalloy, machine-made paper,
timber, cardboard and tractor are in the first places in China.
In agriculture, Jilin is rich in maize, soybean, rice, sorghum and
oilseed, the yield of beet is at the forefront in China, and the
output of ginseng is about 80 percent.
In Jilin, the railway and the highway are very
convenient, and the railway is the main means of traffic. The
River is chief water transport. And the city of Changchun is the
center of aviation.
Changbai Mountain, Jilin Songhua Lake and some
relics are well-known scenic spots and historical sites. The traditional
specialties are pilose antler, ginseng, marten, which are called
"three kinds of treasures" in the northeast, and Changchun
ginseng cigarette, Jilin Sanbao wine, Tonghua wine, etc.