is a Special Administration Region of China since China resumed
its sovereignty from the Portuguese Government on the 20th December,
Macau is situated at the sea coast of southeastern
part of China to the west bank of the Pearl River Delta, surrounded
by sea from three sides, linking the Zhuhai Economic Special
Zone in the north of Guangdong Province, facing Hong Kong in
the east with a distance of 40 nautical miles only an hour flight
Macau comprises of Macau Peninsula, Taipa
and Coloane islands. More than a hundred years ago, Macau showed
clearly Macau Peninsula only, the area of which in that time
occupied only 2,78 square kilometers, and later on it encompassed
Taipa and Coloane islands. Over an hundred years of reclamation
of land by filling the sea, the area of Macau Peninsula has
been increased to 9.1 square kilometers, Taipa Island, 6.33
square kilometers, Coloane Island, 8.07 square kilometers and
the total area of Macau is 23.5 square kilometers.
The Macau Peninsula is the political, economic,
transportation and cultural center of Macau. 94% of the population
and overwhelming majority of industrial and commercial industries
are concentrated on here.
Macau's total population is 0.4546 million
among which over 96% are Chinese, the rest are mainly Portuguese
in greater number. The language the Macau inhabitants use daily
is mainly Cantonese and the locally born Portuguese can speck
fluent Cantonese. The official languages currently in use are
the Portuguese and the Chinese languages. English language is
also used on many occasions.
Macau belongs to the monsoon climate of East
Asian Subtropical Zone.
The average annual temperature is 22C, the
hottest month of the year falls in July, the average temperature
is over 30C; the coldest month falls in January, the average
temperature of which is 14C, the lowest, only a few degrees.
The average annual relative humidity is 80%. Macau is typical
of foggy weather in Spring. Its rainfall is frequent from July
The Macau economy has entered into the highly
open free market economic system, belonging to the microeconomic
system which has developed into a pluralized economic infrastructure
with processed products for exports, tourism and gambling lottery,
real estate construction and banking insurance as the four major
Macau was the name given by the Portuguese.
In the mid 16th century, with the expansion of "the great
discovery of navigation" by the European colonialists,
the Portuguese using "the drying of goods soaked in the
water" as a pretext, gained the right of abode on the already
open-for-trade Macau Peninsula through offering bribes to the
officials of the Ming Dynasty and rapidly expanded territory
under their control, and step by step occupied Macau, thus exercising
colonialist control over Macau. None of previous Chinese governments
had ever recognized the illegal occupation of Macau by Portugual.
In 1979, China and Portugual established diplomatic relations
and the Portuguese side affirmed that Macau was Chinese territory
under Portuguese administration. On 20 December 1999, after
400 years of great changes from seas into mulberry fields and
from mulberry fields into seas, China restored exercise of sovereignty
over Macau and thus Macau has anew returned to the embrace of
Macau has a long history with a rich and
varied culture. The Macau Government and people attach great
importance to the preservation and development of Macau culture
imbued with the feature of Sino-European cultures.