is short for Inner Mongolia Autonomous region. It lies
in the northern border in China, has an area of 1.1 million
square kilometers, and with a population of 1.8 million.
The main topography here is plateau. The elevation
is about 1,000 meter. The plateaus are not precipitous and they
can be continuous more than 2,400 kilometers from the east to west.
And in the east, there are some wide plains. But in the west, there
is gobi and deserts, and the areas of them are wide. In the middle,
there is the Yin Mountain. To the south of the Yin Mountain, because
of the lash of the Yellow River and its tributaries, there is Hetao
Plain. It has a continental climate in the temperate zone. From
the northeast to the southwest, the climate is from humid to dry,
including four areas. Inner Mongolia abounds in mineral resources.
The reserves of mite, niobium, sand, vermiculite, agate, natural
soda, pyrite, silica sand and gypsum are amongst the most abundant
Wheat, corn and oil are the important agricultural
products. The output of sunflower seeds, castor beans and sugar-beets
is in the important place. In Inner Mongolia the animal husbandry
is well developed, and is the production base in China. The amount
of horses, camels and little livestock are in the first places.
Its industrial base includes metallurgical industry, coal, electric
power, machine, forest industry and the processing of animal husbandry
The railway, highway and aviation form the traffic
network. Both trucks and camels are very important for the short
distant transportation. There are some boundless grasslands, the
gobi, the deserts, the woods' fields and the snow fields. The natural
sight is multicolored, and the national culture is colorful too.
The places of interest are Zhaojun Tomb in Huhehaote, the Five-towers
Temple, the Zhao Temple in Wudang Mountain, the Chenggisihan Tomb
in Yijinhuoluo. The traditional specialties are pure wool coarse
string, Alashan camel's hair, Xilinguoluo mushroom and Hetao melon.