Ning is short for Ningxia
Hui Clan Autonomous region. It lies in the western part
of the Yellow River. It is 66,000 square kilometers in
area, with a population of 4.8 million. It is the main
inhabiting region of the people in Hui Clan.
Its topography is mainly plateaus and hilly lands.
They occupy 75 percent in area. The plains here occupy more than
25 percent. The Yellow River flows in the northern part. It has
a semi-moist continental climate in temperate zone. The resource
of the coal is amongst the important place in China. There are also
phosphorus, gypsum, iron, petroleum and salt.
Its major industries are coal mining, electric
power, machinery and metallurgical industry. In agriculture, there
is wheat and hemp. Tan sheepskin, matrimony-vine, licorice are well
known both in China and aboard. Baolan Railway runs through the
northern part, and the highway system is convenient too.
Ningxia has a long history. There are a lot of
historic relics. The places of interest are Yin chuanhai Tower,
Tomb of Xixia¡¯s monarch, Zhongwei Temple, 108 towers in Qingtong
Gorge, caves in Xumi Mountain, and the mosque in Tongxin. The traditional
specialties are Tan sheepskin, Helanshan inkstone, Facai in Tongxin
and Haiyuan, matrimony-vine in Zhongwei and Zhongning.