Sichuan Province (Shu
for short) is located in southwest China, covering an area of
537,000 square kilometers, and with a population of 94.5 million.
Its eastern part is the Sichuan Basin surrounded by lofty mountains,
with 7% territory being plain in the bottom, and the rest hilly
land and low hills. Its west area is highland of West Sichuan, and
the north area, part of the main body of Qinghai and Tibet plateau,
while the south
area is northern
section of Hengduan Mountain Ranges.
Most of the rivers belong to the Yangtze River System. The Jinsha
River runs across South Sichuan from southwest to northeast until
Yibin and then changes into the name of the Yangtze. The Jaling
River, Min River, Tuo River and Wujiang River flow into the Yangtze
River from both south and north sides. The Sichuan Basin and West
Sichuan have sub-tropical humid and sub-tropical highland climate
respectively. Its main mineral deposits comprise iron, coal, natural
gas, petroleum, well salt, asbestos, vanadium, titanium, phosphorus etc. It
abounds in agricultural and water resources.
Sichuan's major industrial products are metals,
coal, petroleum, machinery, electric power, chemicals, electronics,
textiles, foodstuff etc. among which natural gas, salt, canned food,
beverage, iron and steel, paper, fertilizer, alloyed iron, motor-cycles,
power-generating equipments and others stand in the forefront either
in production output or in value in China. Rice, wheat, cotton,
rape seeds and raw silk are its principal farm produces. Sichuan
is listed as one of China's primary producers in output of rice,
wheat, oil-bearing crops,, meat, and fruit, and also hold a significant
place in production of tong oil, medicinal herbs, pigs and cattle.
Railway plays major role in Sichuan's transport,
while there are convenient highway and inland-water communications.
Sichuan is gifted with lush mountains and exquisite
waters, and abounds in historical and cultural resources. Its main
scenic spots and historical sites include Mount Emei, Huangling
Temple, Jiuzhaigou and Golden Buddha Mountain. Among its chief famous
traditional specialties are Sichuan brocade and embroidery, bamboo
wares, wines and liquors such as Wuliangye, Jiannanchun and Luzhoulaojiao.