Taiwan Province, known
for short as Tai, is situated at China's southeast sea waters.
Taiwan Island faces the Pacific to the east, approximately 2,800
kilometers from Guam. It borders Bashi Channel to the south
and is 300 kilometers away from the Philippine Islands; to its
west is Taiwan Strait, facing Fujian Province on China's mainland.
The width of the strait is less than 200 kilometers and the
narrowest part is only 130 kilometer; it traverses the sea trough
of Okinawa in the northeast and neighbours Ryukyu-gunto. It
holds a strategic point of communication on the north-south
sea of China and the communications hub of West Pacific shipping
line, and constitutes the natural barrier of China's south-east
sea waters and the communication pivot of contacts among countries
in the Pacific region.
Taiwan is a multi-island province:- 1) The Taiwan
island proper and its scattering islands, such as Hongtou Isle,
Huoshao Isle, Guishan Isle altogether 14 isles attach to it. 2)
The Penghus made up of 64 islands. In addition, The Diaoyu Islands
(Archipelago) which are composed of 8 islands and some other isles.
All in all Taiwan has more than 100 islands big and small. Taiwan's
land area is 36 thousand square kilometers, among which the area
of Taiwan proper is over 35 thousand square kilometers, occupying
more than 97% of the province's total area. It is China's biggest
island and ranks the 28th of the world islands.
The length from north to south of the island
proper is 394 kilometers long and its width from east to west is
20-150 kilometers wide. The general topography is high in the east
and low in the west. The general landform is extremely complicated,
of which the mountainous area occupies 2/3 and the lower plain zone,
1/3 of the area. The mountainous area is very precipitous; there
are 7 mountain peaks of over 3800 meters each above sea level. Many
rivers rise in the mid-mountainous area and flow into the sea in
Because of the steep gradient, the discharge
of the rivers is in abundance. There are also different kinds of
sea coasts and the topography of mudstone appearing in all their
glory and the corals protruding out in the air, unfolding a magnificent
picture of their great beauty and majesty.
Taiwan belongs to the tropical and subtropical
zones, with the Tropic of Cancer running through its middle. However,
being surrounded by seas in all sides, Taiwan is embraced by the
Pacific Ocean. The majority of Taiwan region falls in the temperate
and humid maritime climate zone. As is influenced by the maritime
monsoon, Taiwan has neither severe winter nor has it intense heat
of summer. The forests remain verdant luxuriantly green and the
flowers blossom in all seasons. Taiwan is also characterized by
abundant rainfall and violent typhoon.
Taiwan is rich in more than 110 kinds of minerals
with coal, petroleum, natural gas, gold, silver copper and sulphur
as its main resources. It is also extremely rich in terrestrial
heat, a great variety of plants and the forest vegetation occupies
52% of the land area of the whole island, capturing the first place
in all China. It is rich in aquatic resources too and the output
of Taiwan's coral occupies about 80% of the world total production,
winning the fame of "The Kingdom of Coral". Taiwan is
also one of the main regions which exports butterflies in the world.
Taiwan is an economically developed province
of China. Industries are flourishing mainly in the fields of computer
products, textile, electronic appliances, foodstuff processing,
chemicals, petrochemicals, metal smelting, the manufacture of the
means (Kaohiung), Taichung, Tainan, Hsinchu and Chiayi are the major
cities. In the field of agriculture, paddy rice, tea, sugarcane
and fruits are produced in abundance. Camphor, quinine and lemongrass
are local special products.
There exists a dense railway and highway communication
network on Taiwan.
Communication on sea also constitutes an important
position with Gaoxiong and Chilugn (Keelung) as the main seaports.
Surrounded by sea, Taiwan's weather is agreeable
and is as beautiful as a painting with bountiful tourist resources.
There are such significant places of historic interest and scenic
beauty as Jihueh Tan, Alishan and Yangmin Mountain Scenic Spot and