Tianjin simply known
as Jin is situated in the northeastern part of North China Great
Plain, bordering the Bohai Sea in the east, leaning against
the Yuanshan Mountain in the north, with its terrain traversing
the Haihe River through north and south. It has become the hub
of communications of North China and the gateway of the capital
Tianjin is a municipality direct under the Central
Government, as well as an opening city. It's situated in the eastern
part of the North China Plain, covering an area of 11,300 square
km. and with a population of six million.
It has a semi-humid continental climate in the
warm Temperate Zone.
With an annual average temperature of 12 degrees
centigrade, and rainfall of 590 millimeters, it has 220 frost-free
days per year. It's rich in petroleum, natural gas and sea salt
along the coastal area.
As one of China's biggest industrial centers,
Tianjin has built up an all-round industrial system with machinery,
electronics, textiles, chemicals, metallurgy, foodstuff etc. as
The production on a fairly large scale, of arts
and crafts like hand-made carpets, Yangliuqing's New Year Pictures
printed from an engraved wood plate, Zhang's painted clay figurines,
kites etc. holds an important position in the country. Tianjin has
already achieved successes in the operation of its Economic and
Technological Development Zone in the northeastern part of Tanggu
District, covering an area of 33 square km.
Tianjin is one of the most prosperous business
areas as well as a distribution center for goods and materials in
North China. It's also a key hub of land and sea communications.
Its port consisting of Tianjin, Tanggu and Xingang Harbours is an
important Chinese Sea port, serving as the most convenient sea outlet
for Beijing, North China and Northwest. The port accessible to ocean
freighters of ten thousand tons class has opened more than 20 ocean
shipping routes. Tianjin has a well-developed road transport network,
regular air-service to over 30 cities throughout the country, and
inland water shipping, in addition to the pipelines for oil transport.
Tianjin is a famous historical city. The best known scenic spots
and historical sites include Ning Garden, Tianhou Temple (Temple
of Heavenly Empress), Dule Temple in Ji county, The Great Wall at
the Huangya Pass, the Panshan scenery area etc. Efforts are being
made to develop Tianjin primarily into a financial center in North
China, an international commercial city and a free port.