Yatsen Mausoleum located at the southern foot of the Purple Mountain
in Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, is the Mausoleum of the great
revolutionary forerunner, Dr. Sun Yatsen. In accordance with his
testament, the Kuomintang government buried his remains here on
June 1, 1929.
The Sun Yatsen Mausoleum constructed along
the mountains is of great momentum with the distant mountains
as the front vaulted arch and screen-like green mountain pinnacles
as its rear fence. The main structures consist of memorial archways,
tomb passage, mausoleum gate, gateway pavilions and coffin chamber.
The whole tomb is propped up with 392 pieces of granite steps,
which are gradually elevated, leading to the Altar Hall at the
end of the steps. The whole structure is in the shape of a "Free
Bell". The square in the pattern of a crescent moon in
front forms the round are of the bell ceiling and the vaulted
dome on top of the coffin chamber of the Mausoleum looks like
the pendulum. The ceiling of the Altar Hall is in the shape
of vaulted roof. In the center there sits the full size stone-carving
statue of Dr. Sun Yatsen, which was carved by Paul Randowsky,
a Polish with French nationality in 1930 in Paris. Around the
statue in a sitting position are relief sculptures with stories
of Dr. Sun Yatsen's revolutionary activities inscribed on it.
At the rear of the Altar Hall lies the tomb chamber in ball
shape structure. In the middle of the round shape marble pond
is an oblong coffin pit in which lies Dr. Sun's engraved statue
in lying position in solemnity on the coffin which was carved
by a Czech sculptor Gorch.
The total area of the Sun Yatsen Mausoleum
is over 45,000 acre, among which the forest habitat area covers
32,000 acre with vicinity of the mausoleum are Concert Platform,
Guanghua Pavilion, Waterside Pavilion and other auxiliary buildings.