1996, Lushan National Park was included in the list of World Natural
Heritage by UNESCO.
Lushan is situated in the southern part of Jiujiang city in Jiangxi
Province. Solitary and imposing, it towers over the southern bank
of the Yangtze River, leaving behind its shadows upon the Boyang
Nature has excelled herself in such a spectacular
lone mountain. As a result of tremendous rubbing and grinding
of glaciers, its grotesque peaks and cragged cliffs look all the
The enveloping clouds and mists make it very
hard to define the true shapes of the billowing peaks and ridges.
The rapid streams cascade down and form numerous deep pools and
hanging waterfalls. The lush mountain alongside with a crystal
clear glimmering lake is picturesque. Mysterious and enchanting
sceneries nestle in the secluded valleys and deep ravines. To
describe the infinite variety of fantastic shapes of Lushan Mountain,
Sudongpo (a famous Chinese ancient poet) wrote in his poetic masterpiece:"
I can't tell the true shape of Lushan, because I myself am in
Wangjianting (Pavilion of Watching the River):
It perches atop a perilous cliff soaring up
from Jiandao Ravine and offers an ideal place to watch the Yangtze
River. Far beyond the mouth of the Ravine, the Yangtze River resembles
a silvery dragon coming out of nowhere and rolling on wave upon
wave. On the River, white sails scatter about like little dots
clearly discernible. A few steps from the Pavilion, there's a
rock overhanging the fathomless ravine. It's breathtaking to stand
there and gaze down.
Dragon Head Cliff:
Besides a craggy cliff, it springs up some
thousand feet out of the ground, rearing in the sky like a dragon
head. From top down, it's inlaid with protruding grotesque stones
and overgrown with upside down pines. Standing at the top, one
can enjoy a bird's eye view of the Tiechuan Peak and hear the
surfing of wind in the pine forest mingled with roaring of the
waterfalls in the Stone Gate Ravine.
Three Tier Spring:
Originating in Dayue Mountain, the spring angles
around the backside of Wulaofen (Peak of Five Old Men) and pours
into Jiudiego (Nine Tier Gully), crashing twice upon huge rocks,
and then converges into a torrent, and drops once again, splashing
and throwing about millions of water beads. Driven by the gully
wind, the tiny drops dance in the misty air, sparkling in the
sunlight, and falling like countless dazzling pearls.
Built in the 9th year of Taiyuan reign in Eastern
Jin Dynasty (384 AD), it was one of the oldest monasteries in
Lushan, and also the birthplace of Buddhist Pure Land Sect (Lian